The blogger found the interesting article in the Star News .The blogger intention of posting this article is to know the real purpose of performing Haj. Again this blogger include ” The Last Sermon of the Prophet Muhammed( PBUH)” as all of us should not forget what he has said in the final moment of his life.
Allah knows the best.
IKIM VIEWS: By Dr Mohd Sani Badron
Performing the haj does not imply a journey to a completely alien domain; rather, Mecca has an affinity to each and every discerning Muslim as a ‘spiritual metropolis
WE ARE now in the last month of the Muslim calendar, the month of Dhu al-Hajjah, loosely translated as the month of the pilgrimage.
According to the 12th century metaphysician al-Ghazzali, unlike other actions the haj comprises the salient feature, “exclusive worship (al-tajarrud li-‘ibadatillah)” which reflects “perfect servitude and obedience to Allah (kamal al-riqq wa al-inqiyad)”.
Semantically speaking, if one were to translate the term haj as “pilgrimage”, it would only capture its superficial aspect, because the term is derived from the Latin lexical root peregrinus, referring to “a journey in a foreign land”.
To define the haj as ajourney to a “foreign” land is not quite correct.
Performing the haj does not imply a journey to a completely alien domain; rather, Mecca has an affinity to each and every discerning Muslim as a “spiritual metropolis”, an aura of Umm al-Qura, a fact twice mentioned in the Quran, al-An’am, 6: 92 and al-Shura, 42: 7.
It is towards this numinous metropolis that millions of hujjaj (pilgrims) from various countries and continents are headed.
There, pilgrims from various nations, of different physicality, are required by God to circumambulate the Ka’abah and perform the other rituals as taught by the Prophet Mohamed (may peace be upon him).
In terms of structure, the “house” of Allah or Ka’abah is nothing but a mere cube of stone and mortar.
The Ihya’ ‘Ulumiddin of al-Ghazzali reminds pilgrims: “Do not suppose the purpose to be merely your circumambulation of the ‘house’ of Allah.
“No, the true purpose is the circling by your heart (tawaf al-qalb) in remembrance of the Lord until remembrance begins with Him alone and ends with Him alone, just as the circumambulation begins and ends at the “house” of Allah.”
While in their countries pilgrims don different garments, live in different cultures, and speak different languages, in Mecca they don matching ihram clothes, and chant the same praises to the One and only God (labbaykallahumma labbayk).
Muslims, regardless of their nationalities, have one language of worship defined by the Speech of God – the Quran – and interpreted in the Traditions of the Prophet Mohamed.
Muslims even have “one language” as far as their worldview is concerned, as reflected in the identical linguistic key terms and fundamental concepts in basic vocabulary deployed in all Muslim languages throughout the world.
The annual pilgrimage season serves as a template of universal religious brotherhood of various Muslim nations of the globe.
The haj ought to remind present-day Muslims to regard as secondary the variations in gender, birthplace, skin colour, nationality, political rank, social status, and local culture.
They must be prepared to shun the confusion of narrow communal and national boundaries. Rather, primary unity among Muslims requires one and only one spiritual locus and intellectual concentration.
Indeed, the secret of the pilgrimage and its ultimate purpose is – as aptly described by al-Ghazzali – “the concurrence of lofty purpose and intention, and the strength derived from proximity with the truly good people convened from all quarters of the globe (ijtima’ al-himam wa istizhar bi-mujawarat al-abdal wa al-awtad al-mujtami’în min aqtâr al-bilâd).”
Such a unity is translated into the socio-political domain through the emphatic prohibition of murder, oppression, tyranny and injustice, as emphasised by the Prophet Mohamed in the aforementioned address: “People! Your life, your property and your honour are sacred till the Day of Resurrection.
To Read The Full original text
The following is the last Sermon by Prophet Muhammed (PBUH)
The Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) Last Sermon
This sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H. in the ‘Uranah valley of Mount Arafat’ (in Mecca).
After praising, and thanking Allah he said:
“O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that HE will indeed reckon your deeds. ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn ‘Abd’al Muttalib (Prophet’s uncle) shall henceforth be waived…
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship ALLAH, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before ALLAH and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, NO PROPHET OR APOSTLE WILL COME AFTER ME AND NO NEW FAITH WILL BE BORN. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my example, the SUNNAH and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O ALLAH, that I have conveyed your message to your people”.